By Geraldine Cook/Diálogo July 02, 2018 With a shaved head, camouflaged face, and a 25-kilogram backpack on, Paraguayan Navy Lieutenant Junior Grade Magali Elisa María Caballero Prieto is ready for action. She is physically and mentally prepared to take on the tasks of a marine willing to risk her life for a mission. With this mind frame, Lt. j.g. Caballero enrolled in the Paraguayan Navy’s Advanced Marine Course (CAVIM, in Spanish). During 14 weeks of intensive field, firearms, and survival skills training, she completed the harsh training on an equal footing with her peers. Her courage made her the first woman in the Paraguayan Armed Forces to graduate from CAVIM, a course only men attended until 2017. Lt. j.g. Caballero breaks traditional female stereotypes. Her combat expertise says it all. As a pioneer in the Paraguayan Navy, she has no military female role model to emulate. “Personally, it’s an honor. But beyond what it means to me, I think of what it means for military women,” she says. By tackling CAVIM, she opened doors for military women in her country to follow a new professional path. “It was a very intense and difficult training,” she says. She remembers having some apprehension when she enrolled in CAVIM, but her determination was stronger. Although she recognizes men might be physically stronger, women with tenacity and dedication can reach their goals. “If men are stronger and many of them cannot graduate, how could a woman do it?” she wondered. In April 2017, the course started with 22 students—she and a female companion were the only women. Only eight students finished the program. Lt. j.g. Caballero stood out. Tactical Training The Paraguayan Navy holds CAVIM annually since 2012. The advanced course includes tactical training, where strength, dexterity, and endurance are key elements for survival. Being perfectly fit and able to adapt to inhospitable environments, explore enemy territory, and work in a team are among the requirements to complete this training. Every year, 20 to 30 candidates register, but fewer than 10 graduate. “The goal of the course is to prepare personnel to conduct riverine, rural guerrilla, and counter terrorism operations, as well as provide security for dignitaries, among others,” Lt. j.g. Caballero said. “You must have the conviction and predisposition to adapt to hostile situations to which the female staff is traditionally not accustomed to,” she said. Her spontaneous smile betrays her pride for women’s role in the Navy. She does what she enjoys, and she does it well. Hence her success. “Everybody was surprised when I enrolled in CAVIM,” she says while divulging that her companions didn’t think she would last, even though they never told her so. “I wanted to prove my capabilities to myself.” Reaching her goal was no easy task. She questioned her own decision mostly due to physical exhaustion, but didn’t give up. “At 3:00 a.m. with a temperature of 8 degrees [Celsius], wet, stone cold… many things come into consideration. At the end of the training, only the best team remains.” Dreams yet to come Lt. j.g. Caballero goes over her path, and feels that completing CAVIM was her duty. “I couldn’t say ‘I’m a combatant’ without having a thorough knowledge of what it really means to be a marine,” she says. She belongs to the Navy by military tradition. The uniforms in her childhood home endeared her to military badges. Her father, the late Paraguayan Navy Admiral Miguel Ángel Caballero Della Loggia, taught her discipline and respect for military values. “I would see my father coming back from work with his military uniform on, and I wanted to be like him.” Her brothers, Paraguayan Navy lieutenant commanders Marithe and Miguel Caballero, guided her military vocation. Thankful for the support of her family, Lt. j.g. Caballero keeps in mind that CAVIM was her goal yet that of her family as well. Lt. j.g. Caballero was already a pioneer in the Paraguayan Armed Forces. Only five years after Mariscal Francisco Solano López Military Academy—which trains Paraguayan officers for the Army, Navy, and Air Forces—opened its doors to women, Lt. j.g Caballero stood out as one of the best students of her class. She was selected to study at the Naval Military Academy of Buenos Aires, Argentina. In 2006, Lt. j.g Caballero became the first Navy cadet to represent her country abroad. Months prior, only men attended the combatant specialty she had elected, until six female cadets signed up in November 2005. In 2011, after five years of study, she graduated as a midshipman officer in the neighboring country. Back in Paraguay, she was assigned to the Marine Command, and other military units from then on. Today, Lt. j.g. Caballero is commandant of CAVIM and heads the Marine Corps Instruction Command headquarters. Based on her experience, she trains students on communications, topography, and shooting techniques. “I want to develop marine capabilities to the fullest, because we go to the theater of operations, and we must go well-prepared. This training can save lives.” At only 32-year-old, Lt. j.g. Caballero set herself on an unstoppable military career path that will continue onward. “Military women want to grow professionally without gender distinction,” she says. “We are ready to assume new risks and responsibilities.” Her new challenge is to earn the admiral badges her father once wore.
Sensible Sentencing Trust August 2014Having endured numerous cases of heinous crimes committed by repeat offenders, New Zealanders increasingly expressed a desire for tough sentencing laws for repeat violent and sexual offenders. SST worked tirelessly for the introduction of a Three Strikes policy into New Zealand law. We achieved this in 2010 and will continue to advocate strongly to ensure this key policy is maintained in the future.How does ‘Three Strikes’ work?New Zealand’s version of ‘Three Strikes’ took effect on 1st June 2010. (Entire Bill is here>>) From that date forward, offenders convicted of one of the 40 specified serious offences in the schedule, all of which are serious violent or sexual offences, and all of which carry a maximum term of imprisonment of seven years or more, receive a ‘strike’ warning.The offences subject to ‘strike’ warnings range from murder, manslaughter, sexual violation and kidnapping at the most serious end, to robbery, indecent assault, wounding with intent to injure and assault with intent to rob at the less serious end.Youth offenders are excluded. A strike can only be entered for an offence committed by a person aged 18 or older. But once entered, the strikes remain on the offender’s record unless the conviction is quashed. The strikes stay with the offender as a constant deterrent against future offending, and increasingly tough sentences if the offender is unwilling or unable to refrain from serious offending.What happens at each ‘strike’?Upon conviction for a first strike offence, the normal sentence the Judge considers fit is handed down, and the offender is given a warning of the future sentencing consequences of another ‘strike’ conviction.Upon conviction for a second strike offence, again the normal sentence the Judge considers fit is handed down – but parole or early release is not available. If the Judge says four years imprisonment, then four years it is. Parole is normally able to be applied for after just 1/3rd of the Judge-ordered sentence is completed – but the second strike rule does not allow this, as the full term must be served. An offender convicted of murder as a second strike will be subject to ‘Life imprisonment without parole’ as ‘Life’ is the mandatory sentence for murder, and second strike sentences must be served without parole, unless ‘manifestly unjust’. The offender is given another warning of the future sentencing consequences of a further ‘strike’.If the offender is unwilling or unable to refrain from committing a third strike offence, the Judge is required to impose the maximum sentence available in law for the offence committed. That sentence will be served in full, without any parole or early release. For example, if the third strike offence is ‘aggravated robbery’, an offence which carries a maximum of 14 years imprisonment, the offender will serve a full 14 years imprisonment. If the third strike offence is ‘wounding with intent to injure’, the offender will serve seven years, as that is the maximum term for that offence. For murder it would be life imprisonment without parole, as life is the maximum term for murder.http://www.sst.org.nz/our-aims/sst-three-strikes-policy/
New Wisconsin head coach Gary Andersen is already setting the foundation for next year\’s season.New Wisconsin head coach Gary Andersen is starting off his coaching career with words that harken back to his identity as a players-first coach.Andersen repeatedly stressed when meeting with the media Thursday afternoon the most important goal for him before the start of spring football was his entire staff and himself earning the trust of and getting to know the team.“Getting to know the kids is number one,” Andersen said of his priorities at this point of the offseason.With his staff almost assembled, Andersen cited the newly hired assistant coaches on his staff have contacted most of their returning players for the 2013 season, with the lone exception being the wide receiver spot – no hire has yet been made to replace the departing Zach Azzani, who took the same job at Tennessee.Andersen had an opportunity to watch the Badgers practice in Madison and Los Angeles during their preparation leading up to the 2013 Rose Bowl and came away impressed with the team’s chemistry and their love for the game.“They just like to be around each other,” Andersen said. “This is just a group that loves football.”Andersen talks new hiresWisconsin’s new offensive and defensive coordinators both share strong ties to Andersen. Offensive coordinator Andy Ludwig spent time at the same position under now-head coach of the Ohio State Buckeyes Urban Meyer from 2005-2008, the same time Andersen was with the program as the defensive coordinator.On the defensive side of the ball, coordinator Dave Aranda served 2012 at the same position at Utah State under Andersen. A 2012 nominee for the Broyles Award, given to the best assistant coach in college football, Aranda led an Aggies defense ranked in the top 10 nationally for touchdowns allowed and points allowed per game.“The biggest thing with [offensive coordinator Andy Ludwig] and with [defensive coordinator Dave Aranda] is they do a tremendous job of identifying the talent. They’re tremendous teachers, I think they’re on the cutting edge with scheme both offensively and defensively.”On top of that, Andersen brings offensive line coach T.J. Woods to Wisconsin from Utah State, joining Aranda and safeties coach Bill Busch as Aggie transplants with their head coach.The Wisconsin offensive line job is largely considered one of the best in the nation, but the players went through quite a bit of adversity the past few years as far as coaching. After the departure of long-time coach Bob Bostad for Pittsburgh and eventually the NFL, former head coach Bret Bielema hired Mike Markuson, whom he promptly fired after two games when the Badgers struggled to produce a push up front.Bart Miller took over as the interim line coach, helping turn around the struggling group and was considered a key component in the Badgers making it to a third-straight Rose Bowl. Wisconsin Athletic Director Barry Alvarez endorsed Miller as a candidate for the opening on Andersen’s staff as the tight end coach, but Andersen decided to go a different direction, hiring Auburn University’s Jay Boulware.“What Bart did was impressive, there’s no question about it,” Andersen said. “It came down to there was a special teams part of that that was a big factor. And the way this staff is broken down there’s nine coaches, there’s five on one side, there’s four on the other. We have four on defense and five on offense and we needed that special teams coordinator to be on that side of the football and that fell in the hands of the tight end position at this go-around.”Besides serving as the tight ends coach at Auburn, Boulware was the special teams coordinator, a position he will also hold at Wisconsin, leading a group in 2012 that only allowed four punt return yards on 70 punts and allowed just 16.6 yards per kickoff return.A New Recruiting OutlookAfter a few years at Utah State, Andersen began to win recruiting battles against traditional state powers Utah and BYU, something that was unheard of in Logan, Utah.But with a 2013 signing day approaching rapidly with recruits brought in by the departing coaching staff, Andersen and his assistants face the challenge of reaching out to each individual commit and reassuring them that their right choice remains at Wisconsin.Andersen cited a preference to be honest with each recruit as to where he thinks they sit in the future of Wisconsin football with him at the helm and already has created a needs list based on his evaluation so far of the returning roster for 2013.“The important part for us right now is to let them know who we are,” Andersen said. “Plans for the program, let them understand who we’re going to be as a coaching staff, kind of put our money where our mouth is if you will as far as what we’ve presented to them so far.”“A chance for their mentors, their parents, their grandmothers or their grandfathers to sit in a room and look us in the eye and ultimately, me, to be able look them in the eye and walk out of the room and say, ‘I’m here to turn this young man into a man and with his help and your help I believe we can get this done and five years from now, hopefully that’s the case, with a quality degree. And he’s ready to move on into life and be successful.”