The cuts were triggered by lower than expected revenue from the Motor Fuel Tax, which is used to support the department’s maintenance workers and stations. Five operator positions were cut from DOT&PF’s Central Region in addition to the camp closure. Motorists may notice reduced service in these evening and early morning hours, however, the department will approve extended working hours to respond to winter storms, according to the release. The closure of the camp and reduced number of heavy equipment operators will have an impact on the hours of snow and ice removal through Turnagain Pass, as well. Instead of two 10-hour shifts, Crown Point and Girdwood will cover the Silver Tip region from 4 a.m. to 8 p.m. Facebook2,018TwitterEmailPrintFriendly分享Alaska Department of Transportation & Public Facilities (DOT&PF) is announcing the closure of the Silver Tip Maintenance Station, located at the junction of the Seward and Hope highways, according to a release from DOT issued on Wednesday. Operators from Silver Tip maintenance camp covered the Seward Highway through Turnagain Pass. The duties will now be split between Girdwood Maintenance station and Crown Point (just south of Moose Pass).
Qualcomm, based in San Diego, California, is one of the world’s biggest mobile chipmakers. Shara Tibken/CNET Apple and Qualcomm kicked off the latest chapter in a long-running legal battle over patents and licensing agreements in the chipmaker’s hometown of San Diego, California, on Monday.Qualcomm, which supplies chips and modems for much of the mobile phone industry, says Apple infringed on three of its patents in some versions of the popular iPhone. The chipmaker wants up to $1.41 per iPhone that infringed on its intellectual property sold during a certain period between 2017 and 2018. The exact figure was not disclosed, though it’s estimated to be in the tens of millions of dollars or more. That sum would be a drop in the bucket for Apple — which briefly became a $1 trillion company last year — but a victory for Qualcomm would help to brandish its reputation as a mobile components innovator. “Qualcomm, although it doesn’t make a smartphone — it doesn’t have a product that you and I would buy — it develops a lot of technology in smartphones,” David Nelson, the lead attorney representing Qualcomm, said in an opening statement on Monday. The trial concerns three patents that Qualcomm claims Apple infringed on. One patent allows a smartphone to quickly connect to the internet once the device is turned on. Another deals with graphics processing and battery life. The third lets apps on your phone download data more easily by directing traffic between the apps processor and the modem. 2:13 Apple vs. Qualcomm: Court battles explained See All Aug 31 • Your phone screen is gross. Here’s how to clean it Apple During opening remarks, both sides zoomed in on the patent that focuses on boot-up technology when the phone is turned on. Nelson said the technology in the patent was “foundational” to the company’s work, long before it was registered. Apple claims Qualcomm stole the idea for that innovation from then-Apple engineer Arjuna Siva, who the company said discussed the idea with Qualcomm engineers in an email.”This one is truly the most outrageous allegation in the case,” Juanita Brooks, lead counsel for Apple, said of the infringement claim in opening statements. “They took the idea from us and ran down to the patent office.”A long battleThe courtroom clash between Apple and Qualcomm is part of a wide-ranging legal saga. Two years ago, the Federal Trade Commission, aided by heavyweights including Apple and Intel, accused Qualcomm of operating a monopoly in modem chips. The agency argued Qualcomm’s high royalty rates stopped competitors from entering the market, which has driven up the cost of phones and hurt consumers. That trial took place in January, and the parties are currently waiting for a decision from US District Judge Lucy Koh. The San Diego trial, presided over by US District Judge Dana Sabraw, is more technical than the other fronts of the legal battle. But it could have implications on how your phone is made and how much it costs. The trial also sets the stage for an April meeting between the two companies over licensing deals. The two companies have been arguing over royalties Apple paid Qualcomm for licensing the chipmaker’s technology. Apple paid $7.50 per iPhone, but Apple COO Jeff Williams testified in January that the price should have been a fifth of that price.The iPhone was first introduced in 2007, but the company didn’t start using Qualcomm chips for network connectivity until 2011. In 2016, the company started using Intel modems in some models of the iPhone 7 and 7 Plus. Now, Apple has opted for Intel’s modems over Qualcomm’s in all its latest phones. ‘Eureka’ and ‘Maverick’After opening statements on Monday, Qualcomm’s first witness was James Thompson, the company’s chief technologist. He described Qualcomm’s relationship with Apple. He said the company typically began working on modems for an iPhone about four years before the phone would be released. “We defined the cellular component of that product,” he said. He also said both companies had nicknames for each other. Apple called Qualcomm “Eureka,” and Qualcomm called Apple “Maverick.”A verdict in the San Diego trial, which will be decided by a jury of eight people, is expected in mid-March. Originally published at 1:45 p.m. PT.Update, 3:26 p.m. PT: Adds more detail from opening statements; and 4:25 p.m. PT: Adds more detail. reading • Qualcomm and Apple kick off latest patent case Tech Industry 0 Share your voice Post a comment Aug 31 • Best places to sell your used electronics in 2019 • Tags Aug 31 • iPhone XR vs. iPhone 8 Plus: Which iPhone should you buy? Sep 1 • iPhone 11, Apple Watch 5 and more: The final rumors Qualcomm Apple Now playing: Watch this:
The crew. Found this at the bottom of a box. Don’t think it was ever used by @NASA. #TBT @TheRealBuzz pic.twitter.com/ZXINsWPcix— Michael Collins (@AstroMCollins) June 13, 2019 Tags NASA Space No, I’m headed to Mars.Thanks for the question, Sam! #AskMichaelCollins pic.twitter.com/8E84AZz3QH— Michael Collins (@AstroMCollins) June 12, 2019 National Selfie Day: Striking space selfies snapped beyond Earth Michael Collins found this photo in a box. NASA Share your voice The timing for the photo’s reemergence is perfect as we head toward the 50th anniversary of the moon landing in July. Collins has been very active on Twitter, recently saying he wouldn’t return to the moon if given the chance because he’s instead heading for Mars. It shows his enthusiasm for space hasn’t waned in the decades since he traveled to the moon. How NASA got to the moon, and its plans to go back See Neil Armstrong’s Apollo 11 spacesuit all fixed up 15 Photos 0 “The crew. Found this at the bottom of a box. Don’t think it was ever used by NASA,” Collins wrote. This exact photo doesn’t seem to appear on the NASA website, but you can find other poses from the same shoot.The photo shows Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin off to one side and Collins with his arm casually reaching over a large mock-up of the moon. Collins’ signature runs across the top. Post a comment To the Moon It’s customary for NASA astronauts to snap a few glamour photos ahead of a big mission, and it didn’t get much bigger than 1969’s Apollo 11 mission to land humans on the moon. Command module pilot Michael Collins rediscovered an old photo of his famous crew and shared it on Twitter on Thursday. More on Apollo 11 Sci-Tech This story is part of To the Moon, a series exploring humanity’s first journey to the lunar surface and our future living and working on the moon.
Dear ComradeTwitterVijay Devarakonda’s Dear Comrade has hit the rock bottom at the box office in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana (AP/TS) on Tuesday and collected lesser amount than last week’s release iSmart Shankar.Dear Comrade opened to a big response in the Telugu states on July 26 and word of mouth helped it remain strong on the following days. Having made a good collection, the movie recovered around 60 per cent of the distributors’ investment in its opening weekend. But considering its hype and promotion, its business was not up to the mark. The distributors hoped that it will earn well on weekdays.But to their shock, Dear Comrade witnessed a steep decline in its collection at the AP/TS box office on Monday and its business hit the rock bottom on Tuesday. Andhra Box Office tweeted, “#DearComrade : Huge Drop on 1st Monday. Not Looking Good!.” Today it added, “#DearComrade Crashes on weekdays with some areas reporting Nett Figures lesser than Rentals.”Dear Comrade has failed to collect even Rs 50 lakh gross at the AP/TS box office on Tuesday. According to buzz on social media, it has just added Rs 25 lakhs to the total distributor share of Rs 13.85 crore in the Telugu States. Telugu 360_BO tweeted, “#DearComrade went down further on Tuesday with a distributor share of 25 lakhs in the Telugu States. 5 days AP/TS Share : 13.85 Cr Breakeven : 22.60 Cr.” iSmart ShankarTwitterAnother buzz on social media is that Ram Pothineni’s iSmart Shankar has collected more money than Dear Comrade in the Telugu state on its 13th days. Sai (@saipspk1638) tweeted, “#iSmartShankar Day 13>#DearComrade Day 4 in APTG Shocking collapse by #DearComrade.”The distributors have spent Rs 22.60 crore on its theatrical rights for the Telugu states. Dear Comrade has recovered 61.28 per cent of their investment. What is shocking about its collection is that the movie has just returned 1 per cent of their investment on Monday and Tuesday together. Considering its present trends, the film is heading to be a disaster and likely to incur huge losses to its distributors.
By Mark F. Gray, Special to the AFRO, firstname.lastname@example.orgLost behind the well documented stories of acrimony between law enforcement and Black me, there is the less publicized saga of Black women who sit behind bars because they can’t afford to pay bail. Often the women who are held on non violent charges and haven’t demonstrated they were a threat to society pay a hefty price sitting in holding cells waiting for a helping hand to bail them out.However, this year 106 women were released in time to spend Mother’s Day with their families after the National Bail Out collective, the coalition behind “Black Mama’s Bail Out”, helped reunite mothers with their families to spend quality time on their special day.“Black Mama’s Bail Out,” helped over 106 moms make bail and be released in time for Mother’s Day (Courtesy Photo)“This year was the largest “Black Mama’s Bail Out” yet and we couldn’t be more proud,” said National Bail Out collective Project Director Arissa Hall, in a public statement. “But our fight is far from over. The existence of cash bail and criminal legal system that entraps Black communities continues to devastate families across the nation. We will keep bailing caregivers out of jail, supporting our communities and raising awareness of the broader impacts of bail money and pretrial detention.”The Free Black Mamas movement has raised nearly $1 million to bail out more than 400 women from jails across the country since its inception in 2017. This year alone 106 women were released in 30 cities that participate in the annual movement from New York to California. This year, the effort raised more than $350,000 and made bail payments for those Black mothers on and around Mother’s Day according to reports.“One hundred moms were able to spend the holiday with their families, said Erika Maye, Color Of Change deputy senior director, Criminal Justice. “One hundred communities are one step closer to healing because they’ve been reunited with caregivers.” Black Mama’s Bail Out is a subsidiary of National Bail Out collective (NBO) which promotes itself as a Black-led and Black-centered collective of abolitionist organizers, lawyers and activists building a community-based movement to support Black communities and end systems of pretrial detention and ultimately mass incarceration. NBO is made up of a dozen organizations including Color Of Change, Southerners on New Ground, and others.According to the 2018 report from the Prison Policy Initiative, women are disproportionately stuck in jails and avoiding pre-trial incarceration is uniquely challenging for them mainly because they can’t afford cash bonds for release.“The number of unconvicted women stuck in jail is surely not because courts are considering women, who are generally the primary caregivers of children, to be a flight risk,” the report concludes. “The far more likely answer is that incarcerated women, who have lower incomes than incarcerated men, have an even harder time affording cash bail. When the typical bail amounts to a full year’s income for women.” Of the more than 102,000 Black women who are incarcerated around the United States 89,000 remain in holding by local authorities waiting for their cases to be heard in court. This puts a strain on families and has a catastrophic effect families on children when ladies are the primary caregivers for them. “We know that the racist system of cash bail continues to hold Black people back across the nation,” Maye adds. “Color Of Change and our members will continue to fight for the complete elimination of cash bail and the collective liberation of Black communities.”The Collective has even established the Free Black Mamas Fellowship, an eight-week paid fellowship to help mothers who have been bailed out to engage in effective political organizing.
Kolkata: The state Criminal Investigation Department (CID) visited Ranaghat on Monday to interrogate the BJP’s Nadia district president Jagannath Sarkar in connection with Krishnagunj MLA Satyajit Biswas murder case. He was summoned twice before but he failed to meet the investigating officers.On Monday, a team from the CID went to question Sarkar. At present, he is admitted to a nursing home there regarding certain health issues. CID sources claimed that Sarkar stated that he had no knowledge about the murder of the Trinamool MLA. As he was not in a condition to speak in detail, CID sleuths had to leave the nursing home without questioning him in detail. Also Read – Bose & Gandhi: More similar than apart, says Sugata BoseSarkar was summoned twice in the past few weeks by the CID as a witness in the Biswas murder case. The CID officials handed over a summon last month but Sarkar had asked for 10 days to appear. Later when CID officers called him on his mobile, Sarkar did not answer. As there was no further communication made from Sarkar’s end, sleuths decided to meet him at his residence. But later, they found that he has been admitted to a nursing home due to some ailment. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: Mamata”Our officers questioned him but he stated that he does not know anything regarding the case. Our investigation is on. He may be questioned again after getting discharged from the nursing home,” said Nishat Pervez, Deputy Inspector General (DIG), CID (Operations). Sources claimed that the prime accused of Biswas murder case, identified as Abhijit Pundari, is a BJP worker. Also in the FIR is BJP’s Mukul Roy name. From these cues, it is suspected that Sarkar may have some valuable information regarding the murder case. But Sarkar claimed that he does not know anything about the incident and Pundari. Biswas was shot dead on February 9 while he was attending a Saraswati Puja inauguration ceremony at Majdia, Nadia. The TMC leadership had alleged BJP’s involvement behind the murder. According to locals, Biswas had gone to inaugurate a Saraswati Puja there. After lighting the lamp as part of the formal inauguration, he went to the dais. After completion of the inaugural programme, he disembarked from the dais and sat on a chair in front of the Puja pandal. All of a sudden some unidentified miscreants fired bullets from point-blank range aiming his head and fled the spot. Bullets pierced into his head and Biswas fell on the ground, bleeding profusely. He was immediately rushed to a nearby hospital where doctors declared him brought dead. Later, the investigation was handed over to the CID and sleuths have arrested all the accused persons within a few weeks of the incident.
Source = e-Travel Blackboard: N.J More travelling families are looking for a “home-away-from-home” experience when travelling, and they’re doing this by booking apartments over hotels.According to Metro Hotels chief operating officer George Bedwani, the 73 percent jump in the number of guest nights spent in services apartment over the past decade represented the Australian family’s desire to stretch their budget and maximize their lifestyle while travelling. He explained that while Australians “aspire” to own a backyard when it comes to a home, they’re increasingly choosing to apartment living when it comes to a holiday. “The real attraction of both these properties for families is when they return to their apartment and can relax and enjoy a home-away-from-home experience,” he said. “They can prepare a meal or do their own washing without leaving the premises, yet when they depart they don’t have to clean up and change beds like you would in a rental property.”
BT’s ad campaign for BT SportBT reported a “strong start” for its new sports channel line-up with more than half a million households now having ordered BT Sport ahead of its August 1 launch. However, net additions for BT’s TV service in the quarter ending June 30, came in at just 23,000 taking the customer base to 833,000, as the firm admitted that most of the new sport channel sign-ups were from existing customers.The overall TV customer sign-up figure was lower than in the previous quarter when BT added 40,000 new TV customers for the three months ending March 31, almost doubling its sign up number for each of the proceeding three quarters.“It is early days but we are very pleased that more than 500,000 households have now ordered BT Sport. As expected, most of these are existing customers who have re-contracted their broadband service. We expect the proportion of new customers to increase after we launch the channels on 1 August,” said BT in its fiscal first quarter earnings announcement.In the quarter, BT said it added 95,000 retail broadband customers, up 12% year-on-year, representing 50% of the DSL and fibre broadband market net additions. “We added 197,000 retail fibre broadband customers, up around 30%, and now have around 1.5m customers,” it added.BT officially launched its forthcoming sports channels in May, revealing that they would be made available free of charge to BT broadband customers, as part of a long-term plan to drive uptake of BT’s superfast broadband and bundled TV-phone and broadband options.BT has spent around £1 billion for sports rights over the next three years, licensing a raft of sports content, including 38 live and exclusive Premier League football matches.Overall in the quarter, revenue came in at £4.449 billion (€5.15 billion), down 1% year-on-year but beating analyst expectations. Pre-tax profits dropped 16% year-on-year to £449 million.
Clay is also a very therapeutic material to work with and the classes are sure to be relaxing and enjoyable – and a fantastic way for people of all ages and abilities to get creative!Leona Devine, who will be hosting the classes, is an honours graduate in Fine and Applied Art from the University of Ulster, where she specialised in Ceramics.Whilst in further education at Limavady College in 2006, Leona received her first commission, when she was selected by Limavady Borough Council to design and produce ceramic trophies for the Danny Boy Festival Music Competition. She has since undertaken several commissions, including sculpting a trophy for ‘Off the cuff’ / NWRC Media Award City of Culture 2013 and also a number of Mayoral gifts for Derry City & Strabane District Council which have been presented to various dignitaries from across the world. Leona’s work is greatly inspired by the natural landscape and environment where she lives and works. Based in the countryside, she draws inspiration from the rural landscape. Her studio is based on the family farm where she makes hand built sculptures of animals and owls using a coiling technique – which are then ‘biscuit fired’, coloured using underglaze, oxides and finished with transparent glazes.The classes / ceramic workshop will take place on Saturday 30th March, 6th April and 13th April from 10 am – 12 noon. The cost for three weeks is £40. All materials will be provided. To book or for further information contact the Alley Theatre Box Office on 028 71 384444 or online www.alley-theatre.com‘Creative Clay’ classes at the Alley was last modified: March 24th, 2019 by John2John2 Tags: GET creative with clay at the Alley Theatre this Spring as renowned clay artist Leona Devine will teach participants how to design and create their own ceramic planters. Running for three weeks on Saturdays – 30th March, 6th April & 13th April – the classes will be suitable for all abilities and take place in a fun, friendly and relaxing environment.The classes will be a great introduction to the wonderful world of clay. Creative clay artistDerry and Strabane CouncilLeona DevinestrabaneTHE ALLEY THEATRE‘Creative Clay’ classes at the Alley ShareTweet You will have the opportunity to design your own plant pot / planter – and create it from clay using a number of hand building techniques. You will also explore how to create pattern and textures on the clay surface. The pots will then be ‘biscuit fired’ – with participants having the opportunity to colour and glaze their own pot /planter. All materials will be provided.All finished pieces will be stoneware fired and suitable to display inside your home or outside in your garden – just in time for Spring!
The silver stocks spent equal time trading either side of unchanged on Tuesday. But when all was said and done, Nick Laird’s Intraday Silver Sentiment Index closed up at tiny 0.14%. It’s better than the alternative, I suppose. The CME’s Daily Delivery Report showed that zero gold and 57 silver contracts were posted for delivery on Thursday within the Comex-approved depositories. For the second day in a row it was Jefferies as the largest short/issuer, this time with 50 contracts. Canada’s Bank of Nova Scotia and JPMorgan Chase in their client account picked up 35 and fourteen contracts respectively as the biggest long/stoppers. The link to yesterday’s Issuers and Stoppers Report is here. There were no reported changes in GLD, and as of 9:28 p.m. EDT yesterday evening, there were no reported changes in SLV, either. The U.S. Mint had a small sales report yesterday. They sold another 2,000 ounces of gold eagles, along with another 500 1-ounce 24K gold buffaloes. The activity in gold within the Comex-approved depositories on Monday is hardly worth mentioning. There were 2 kilo bars deposited at Brink’s, Inc. and that was all. Needless to say, it was a different story in silver. There were 857,048 troy ounces reported deposited, and 263,785 troy ounces were shipped out. The link to that action is here. I have a decent number of stories for you today, but hardly anything in the precious metal department. That [last] week’s COT gold and silver readings were encouraging has little to do with short term price action directly ahead. If there is more technical fund selling to be created by lower prices, then rest assured that JPMorgan will be looking to set off that selling by rigging prices lower. Only when the technical fund selling is exhausted will JPMorgan stop rigging prices lower. Unfortunately, there is no way of pinpointing that time without the benefit of hindsight, but we are so deep into this current rigging that it feels we are past, or close, to the point of a cessation to JPMorgan’s rig to the downside. I hope I’m not beating this process to death, but (aside from subscribers) so many observers don’t seem to get what drives gold and silver prices. – Silver analyst Ted Butler: 14 September 2013 I wouldn’t read a lot into Tuesday’s price action in any of the precious metals. Volumes were very light, and anyone with an agenda could move prices in either direction. And as Ted pointed out in his quote above, the down-side process has probably pretty much run its course. Everyone is in a wait-and-see mode for Bernanke & Co. later this afternoon in New York. Then I expect we’ll see some price action. The only thing I don’t know for sure is which direction it will take, or how fast it will move when it does. The high-frequency traders did the dirty in all four precious metals early in Far East trading this a.m., with the lows coming at 10 a.m. in Hong Kong on their Wednesday morning. Then, starting just before 2 p.m. local time, rallies began that have extended about an hour into the London trading session. Gold volume is already north of 50,000 contracts, and silver’s volume is approaching 14,000 contracts. The dollar index is doing precisely nothing. And as I hit the send button on today’s column at 5:10 a.m. EDT, I note that the tiny rallies I spoke of in the preceding paragraph have amounted to nothing, and all four precious metals are trading slightly below their Tuesday afternoon closes in New York. Volumes have really backed off. Gold volume is at 57,000 contracts, and silver’s volume is just under 15,000 contracts, and the dollar index is still trading sideways. Like you, I await the word from the Fed, and we’ll take it from there. See you here tomorrow. The gold stocks opened in positive territory, and except for a quick spike down at the gold’s New York low, which came at 10:15 a.m. EDT, the equities chopped higher for the remainder of the day. The HUI finished right on its high tick, up 1.80%. If you’re looking for a reason why the shares closed up yesterday, I don’t have one. The price action in platinum and palladium was somewhat more subdued. Platinum closed down a bit and palladium finished flat. Here are the charts. It was more or less the same trading pattern in silver as well once again. The only real difference was that the low price tick of the day [$21.55 spot] came about fifteen minutes after the Comex open in New York yesterday morning. It recovered a bit, but continued to slide into the close after that. Silver finished the day at $21.735 spot, down 8.5 cents from Monday. Net volume was only 35,000 contracts. Skyharbour Resources Ltd. (TSX.V: SYH) owns a 100% interest in approximately 400,000 acres of land between seven uranium properties in the uranium rich Athabasca Basin region in northern Saskatchewan. Six of the properties consisting of approximately 388,000 acres of prospective ground are strategically located near the Alpha Minerals (TSX.V: AMW) and Fission Energy (TSX.V: FIS) Patterson Lake South (PLS) uranium discovery area. The properties were acquired for their proximity to the PLS discovery and interpreted favourable geology for the occurrence of PLS style uranium mineralization. Skyharbour’s land position is now one of the largest in the Patterson Lake area. The Athabasca Basin hosts the world’s largest and richest high-grade uranium deposits accounting for approximately 20% of global primary uranium supply. There are still areas in the region that are highly prospective and underexplored as illustrated by the new 49.5 metres of 6.26% U3O8 discovery at the Patterson Lake South property. Please visit our website for more information. The high-frequency traders did the dirty in all four precious metals early in Far East trading this a.m. Gold did little of anything in Far East trading on their Tuesday, but volume was decent nonetheless. The price rallied a bit at the London open, but it didn’t get too far. The high of the day appeared to come during the London lunch hour, and from there it got sold down until just past the London p.m. gold fix. From that point it chopped sideways into the 5:15 p.m. electronic close in New York. The low of the day [$1,305.30 spot] came at 12:15 p.m. EDT. Gold finished the Tuesday session at $1,310.00 spot, down $3.90 from Monday’s close. Net volume was around 142,000 contracts. Sponsor Advertisement The dollar index closed late on Monday EDT at 81.28. It’s high tick of 81.35 came just minutes before 11 a.m. in Hong Kong trading. By half-past lunchtime in London, the index was down to 81.15. And except for a brief down/up spike in morning trading in New York, the index traded pretty flat for the remainder of the day. The index closed at the 81.15 mark, which was down thirteen basis points from Monday’s close.
A report released this month by UNICEF has been cause for celebration in India, the country with the highest number of child marriages in South Asia each year. According to the newly released data, the annual number of child marriages in the country has dropped by nearly half in the last decade.”India has seen an overall decline. A decade ago, 47 percent of all girls between the ages of 20 and 24 were married before they turned 18,” said Dhuwarakha Sriram, child protection specialist at UNICEF India. “Now that number is down to 27 percent of girls, or about 1.5 million girls per year.”Because India’s population is so great, the country’s downward trend is being credited by UNICEF for significantly bringing down the global numbers of child marriage.Authorities in India are congratulating themselves.There are indeed reasons for optimism. Sriram believes that the new data, when compared to previous data on child marriages, shows a drop in the number of annual incidents as well as an increase in the average age of a child bride, from 13 to 16.”This trend is borne out by the census data,” she says.But several activists say the report may not quite reflect reality on the ground. There are two main issues: The numbers are likely not as low as they appear in the report. And they do not reflect the notable differences in the rate of child marriage in different parts of India.Who’d Confess To An Illegal Marriage?Where does all this data about child marriages come from? It’s not collected by UNICEF. Rather, it’s compiled by local governments.In India, the government asks about marriages – and the age of the bride and groom –as part of the census data that is compiled every decade. In addition, every seven years or so, the National Family Health Survey sends surveyors door to door to ask families about births, deaths and marriages since the last survey. And the data would include the age at which marriages take place.It is illegal for girls to marry under the age of 18 in India and for men to marry under the age of 21. And people don’t like to tell the authorities that they’ve broken the law.What are the odds that people are being truthful? Everyone agrees there is underreporting — even UNICEF. Says Sriram, “People are aware of the illegal age of marriage, and this results in cases of underreporting, which happens in all kinds of surveys.”And parents are increasingly adept at concealing child marriages.Kirti Bharti runs Saarthi, a non-governmental organization that works to prevent and annul child marriages in the northwestern state of Rajasthan, where child marriage rates are among the highest in the country. A third of all girls there marry as minors according to census and UNICEF data.Bharti said that in Rajasthan, “People have become smarter, they recognize how to evade the law [prohibiting child marriage]. They make sure it’s kept quiet. They do the marriages late at night” and with only a small number of attendees. That reduces the chance that a neighbor or relative might alert the police.Once the marriage has taken place, an underage bride is not sent to live with her husband and his parents until after she reaches the age of puberty. So even if authorities are tipped off and investigate a child marriage after the fact, families simply deny any wrongdoing. The child is still at home. And if they didn’t hire a photographer, “there are no photographs or other evidence,” Bharti says. “And our law doesn’t punish anyone without proof.”Plus, in some parts of India the authorities aren’t always interested. Child marriage may be accepted as part of the culture.Bharti believes there has been little to no progress in the areas she visits.On the other hand, there has been marked change in some areas. A thousand miles east in the state of Bihar, 42.5 percent of women were married as minors — down from 60 percent just a decade ago.State averages, agrees Sriram of UNICEF, “mask the reality of what’s happening at the district level.” For example, in the state of Uttar Pradesh, she says, a relatively low 21.2 percent of women between the ages of 20 and 24 report they were married as minors. That state even has some areas where zero child marriages were reported. But it also contains the geographic area with the highest rates in the nation: 68.5 percent of all girls in the Shravasti district marry as child brides.The Appeal Of Child MarriageWhy does this illegal phenomenon still persist? The local populations “do not understand why child marriage is a crime,” says Bharti. “It’s a religious practice that has to be done. Canceling a wedding is shameful.”There’s an economic underpinning for these child marriages, says Sunita Menon, a director at Breakthrough, a nonprofit group that has partnered with UNICEF and the state of Bihar to prevent child marriage.The younger the bride, the smaller the dowry, Menon explains. That’s appealing to farmers who may face crop failure and other families experiencing economic difficulties.Then there are the regional customs that perpetuate child marriage. A ritual called Mausar dictates that when an elderly relative dies, all the children of the household must be married off within 13 days of the death as an act of ritual purification.Menon also commonly hears that if a girl marries early, she has a husband who can protect her from sexual assault and abuse. Also, she adds, “Even though everyone knows the legal marriage age, in reality, as soon as girl hits puberty, she is [considered] ready for adult roles and responsibility which includes marriage.”Forces For ChangeWhy do some areas show a decline and others not? The state of Bihar offers insights into what kind of efforts can bring down the rate of child marriage.In the fall of 2016, the state government made it a policy to end child marriage. The nonprofit group Breakthrough, along with UNICEF, was instrumental in designing the campaign strategy. Their multipronged approach makes use of the media, with prime-time TV spots and radio jingles that address familiar refrains that justify child marriage. In one television ad, two men sit on the floor in a starkly furnished hut. One tells the other: “From the beginning our daughters are someone else’s property. How long can we be expected to look after someone else’s investment? Get her married at the age of 10 to 12, and your job is done.” Then he lists all the reasons this is a good idea. The rest of the commercial refutes these assertions – pointedly noting that a lower age of marriage is strongly linked to premature death from early childbirth.Along with all these messages, Breakthrough meets with families so its staff can gain a better understanding of the cultural practices that support child marriage and address the reservations about waiting until a girl turns 18 for her to wed. Breakthrough also educates government employees, village teachers and social workers, whom they believe are influential figures, so they can talk with families about the consequences of child marriage.But obstacles to ending the practice still loom. Sriram adds, “Enforcement is not the only factor.” Menon agrees: The fear of punishment is far smaller than the fear of breaking with social norms, and they believe their approach is working to fix that. “Based on our evaluation and surveys, what UNICEF data is saying checks out. We’ve seen change.”Menon says, “We work on preventative measures. It’s showing some promise.” When Breakthrough staff visited schools five years ago, she says, roughly half of the 12- to 16-year-olds sported red and white bangles, a mark of being married. “Over the last five years, that number has shifted down, and I can see it.”What Next?The big takeaway, according to Sriram of UNICEF, is that, “We need to accelerate this decline. It’s not acceptable that 1.5 million underage girls [in India] are still getting married each year. We need political and governmental commitment to make the change happen.”In Rajasthan, Bharti agrees: A lot more still remains to be done to end what she calls “the virus of child marriage that infects families.”But Sriram argues for caution. Groups that seek to end child marriage don’t quite know what preventive measures are working, she says. And then they have to figure out how to scale up the successful efforts. “We got the raw data just last month, we have to do a lot more analysis. I think there will be more questions than answers, but it will be fascinating.”Chhavi Sachdev is a journalist based in Mumbai. Contact her @chhavi Copyright 2018 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.
Editor’s note: This story is about infanticide — the killing of a newborn baby — and includes graphic descriptions of that practice.We had to pass two strictly-manned, massive gates to access the inner courtyard of the prison in Thies, the third largest city in Senegal. The women’s ward was off to the right, behind another wall and another smaller gate. It was like a small house, a cramped concrete structure without cells or bars. On the ground, mattresses were pressed against each other, blanketing the concrete floor. Women sat languidly on them or clustered in the courtyard outside.We were here to speak to women accused of infanticide — killing their newborn baby. It is the second-most common reason women are in jail in Senegal (drug trafficking is number one.). In 2015, 19 percent of the country’s 283 female prisoners were in prison for the crime of infanticide, according to the United Nations Office for Human Rights in West Africa. “It’s a practice, it’s a very common practice,” says Moustapha Diakhaté, a member of parliament, “it’s terrible, there are an enormous number of cases. There is a lot of infanticide in Senegal.”In some countries, like China and India, this practice has been employed by families for gender selection: families who prefer boys choose to kill infant girls. But in Senegal, experts say, infanticide is not related to gender. Rather, it is a response to taboo pregnancies, carried out mostly in isolation by women. “I hid [my pregnancy] because I was surprised and I was in shock. I was also scared of what my in-laws would say,” said F, a woman imprisoned for infanticide.Due to the immense stigma and social ostracization around the practice, the five women we interviewed asked that their identity be protected. They are identified by their first initial.The women we interviewed had what would be termed an “unwanted pregnancy” in public health jargon, but the term doesn’t capture the profundity of their feelings. An impossible pregnancy might be closer. One teenager was raped while working as a maid. Another woman had a brief extramarital affair after her husband left the country for work and she was living with her in-laws. “In our society, when a girl has sexual relations outside of marriage it’s a dishonor for the family, even worse when she gets pregnant. The two make a double dishonor,” explains Abdoulaye Thiam, director of the National School of Social Work in Dakar. “The women prefer to get rid of the baby.”The imprisoned women we interviewed were either convicted of infanticide or waiting to be judged — in 2015 over half of the country’s female inmates were in pre-trial detentions, which can last for years. Some women accused of infanticide don’t receive a verdict for five years.Their memories were often cloudy and fragmented, as is typical for people experiencing severe trauma. They described feelings of paranoia, panic and shame. Sometimes their stories shifted midway through. Their complicated emotions, justifications and choices in impossible situations show how human the issue is.Some of them cried as they were being interviewed.”Those who commit infanticide are not in a normal psychological state. When you light a match or when a spoon falls she jumps. She believes someone is always chasing her,” says Abdou Fodé Sow, director of Maison Rose, a safe house for women facing domestic violence in Dakar. The charity has hosted women accused of infanticide who were disowned by their families.”For the media [in Senegal], these women are monsters,” said Amy Sakho, a lawyer with the Association of Senegalese Women Lawyers, a women’s rights organization that advocates for and represents women facing myriad legal issues, including infanticide. “I often tell [journalists] to try to see what could be behind this, to try to understand how she could have come to this after carrying her baby for nine months.”Some experts believe that the strict abortion laws in Senegal are a contributing factor. “The link we must make is between an unwanted pregnancy and infanticide. Those who commit infanticide could not access a safe abortion,” said Dr. Seynabou Ba, a technical adviser at the Ministry of Health. Abortions are illegal in Senegal except when the health of the mother is in danger — and even then only with the consent of two doctors and a prosecutor. That kind of consent is nearly impossible to obtain. A task force of women lawyers, activists and lawmakers are working to change the law to allow abortions in the case of rape, incest and health of the mother, but the proposed bill is still at the ministerial level, and so far there is no date set to vote on it in parliament.Even those who believe abortion laws should be more liberal aren’t sure that would bring down the number of instances of infanticide. Sakho, the lawyer, says of her clients: “When I ask if she had the possibility to abort, she responds that it’s forbidden … all she knows is that abortion is prohibited by the law and above all by religion.” Senegal is a majority Muslim and deeply religious country.”We realize that the law comes at the end of a process. We are working first on society, mentalities and acceptance,” Dr. Ba said. Activists have held public debates on TV and radio to try to gently bring people around to the idea that in the cases of rape or incest, abortion could be permissible. But it’s a sensitive topic. When a mid-level imam issued a fatwa condemning abortion last year, the pro-reform activists paused activities for a few months.She Had An Affair And Hid Her PregnancyF told us that her husband was away from home for seven years, looking for work in Mauritania and then Gabon. During that time, F said, she slept with another man — just once — and got pregnant.She cried as she described the affair. She said the man put a spell on her to seduce her: “I was never an easy woman. I just don’t know what made me make a choice like that.”Living with her in-laws, she tried to conceal the pregnancy. “There were certain family members who suspected, but each time, I denied it, up until I delivered,” she said.F delivered in her bedroom alone, then said she fainted. She claimed that the baby was stillborn and that her family found her with the child in the room. But in her case file there is a photograph of the child’s body, just removed from the septic tank.Free After 3 Years In PrisonE was around 12 or 13 when she married. She had her first child soon after. After her third child, her husband died. She never remarried but went on to have four more children with another man. When he went blind, she became the family’s sole breadwinner, carrying basins of water from a well to a nearby construction site and selling drinking water to the masons.During her eighth pregnancy she continued her work and says she was exhausted, earning just a couple of dollars a day. When she delivered at home, E said the baby boy was stillborn, and she buried him in her yard. Two days later the police arrived and arrested her. She was found guilty of infanticide and sentenced to six years in prison. After three years, she was released for good behavior.Now she lives in a small coastal town and works on her brother’s farm in exchange for a small home and some food for her children. E spoke softly, sitting with hunched shoulders on the floor. While she acknowledged she is still suffering, she is grateful to be out of jail. “It’s better to be free without money than trapped between four walls,” she said.The Infant Was Thrown In A Septic Tank — And SurvivedN’s mother tried to kill her the day she was born. Her mother, B, was a student when she got pregnant. “I did not have my head in the pregnancy. I was never sick. The only thing I was thinking of was my studies,” she said.She delivered at home with her boyfriend, who told her to throw the baby in the septic tank. They did, then B went to school. She fainted and her teachers took her to the hospital, where the doctors determined she had just given birth. Though she denied it, the police went home and found newborn N alive in the septic tank. She still has a scar on her cheek where her face hit the edge of the tank when her parents threw her in. When N survived, B said, “I cried a lot, I regretted what I had done. I always said, if one day God gives me a child, I would take care of it.”Now three years old, N lives with her maternal grandmother while her mother serves time in prison for attempted infanticide.Ricci Shryock and Allyn Gaestel reported from Senegal with support from the International Women’s Media Foundation. Copyright 2018 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.
Next Article Image credit: Shutterstock –shares Register Now » Free Webinar | Sept 5: Tips and Tools for Making Progress Toward Important Goals Add to Queue June 28, 2017 Angela Moscaritolo Report: Another Major Ransomware Attack Spreading Security researchers say a strain of ransomware called Petya or Petrwrap, which has similarities to WannaCry, is spreading like wildfire. Another major ransomware attack is currently spreading around the world.According to Motherboard, “a wide range of private businesses” were affected on Tuesday, though it’s unclear whether all the attacks are related. Reuters Tech News posted on Twitter that pharmaceutical company Merck’s computer network was compromised as part of a “global hack.” In addition to Merck, the global law firm DLA Piper, U.K.-based advertising and public relations firm WPP, and an unnamed Ukranian media company may be among the victims of this outbreak, Motherboard reports.Last month, hundreds of thousands of PCs were attacked by ransomware known as WannaCry, throwing government agencies and private businesses around the globe into disarray. WannaCry resurfaced just last week, infecting the network at a Honda factory in Japan and traffic cameras in Australia.Ransom ware attack reportedly used against TRK Luks (majority held by Lviv mayor Sadoviy), includes 24 Kanal too. https://t.co/K8ESouloCK pic.twitter.com/SK7Y62yBsz— Devin Ackles (@DevinAckles) June 27, 2017Now, security researchers say a strain of ransomware called Petya or Petrwrap, which has similarities to WannaCry, is spreading like wildfire, Motherboard reports. According to an image posted on Twitter (which you can see above), the malware encrypts the files on a user’s system then demands victims pay $300 worth of bitcoin to recover access to their files.”If you see this text, then your files are no longer accessible, because they have been encrypted,” the message reads. “Perhaps you are busy looking for a way to recover your files, but don’t waste your time. Nobody can recover your files without our decryption device.” The message goes on to “guarantee” victims will “safely and easily” recover all their files by submitting the payment.Costin Raiu, a security researcher at Kaspersky Lab, likened the size of this attack to WannaCry’s first hours. “We are seeing several thousands of infection attempts at the moment,” he told Motherboard. Hacks Attend this free webinar and learn how you can maximize efficiency while getting the most critical things done right. 2 min read Reporter This story originally appeared on PCMag
Google Angela Moscaritolo This story originally appeared on PCMag Next Article Reporter Google wants to make it easier for G Suite customers to find and hire the right talent.Hire, a new recruiting app for small and mid-sized businesses, integrates with G Suite apps like Gmail and Google Calendar, and promises to help you “identify talent, build strong candidate relationships, and efficiently manage the interview process end-to-end,” Google Cloud Project Manager Berit Johnson wrote in a Tuesday blog post. “Hire and G Suite are made to work well together so recruiting team members can focus on their top priorities instead of wasting time copy-pasting across tools,” Johnson wrote.With Hire, SMBs can manage job postings, gather candidate applications, screen and interview candidates and collect feedback from the interviewing team. Recruiting team members can communicate with candidates in Gmail or Hire, and the messages will automatically sync to both platforms. Recruiters can check an interviewer’s Calendar to schedule inside Hire, which will come in handy when setting up a sit-down.The platform automatically includes some pertinent information in Calendar invites, like a candidate’s contact information, the full interview schedule, and a list of questions on which each interviewer should focus. You can also “analyze and visualize” candidate data in Sheets.Johnson said the Hire product team conducted “hundreds of user-testing sessions and worked with early adopter customers for more than a year to simplify and optimize every aspect of the user experience.”Citing a study from Bersin by Deloitte, Johnson said it takes companies 52 days, on average, to fill an open position and costs $4,000 to interview, schedule and assess each candidate. Hire is available to all U.S.-based businesses with fewer than 1,000 employees. Pricing varies based on your company size, but expect to pay a fee per user/per month.Last month, Google launched a new job search experience for desktops and mobile devices; just type “jobs near me,” “teaching jobs” or a similar query into Google to see what’s available in your area. Simplify the Recruitment Process With Google Hire Apply Now » The only list that measures privately-held company performance across multiple dimensions—not just revenue. July 18, 2017 2 min read Hire, a new recruiting app for small and mid-sized businesses, integrates with G Suite apps like Gmail and Google Calendar. –shares 2019 Entrepreneur 360 List Add to Queue Image credit: via PC Mag
Add to Queue Did Ann Coulter’s Twitter Tirade Break a Law? –shares Airlines Image credit: BraunS | Getty Images A recent public battle between political commentator Ann Coulter and Delta has brought a question to light: What rights do travelers have when it comes to snapping pics and videos onboard aircrafts?After she was moved to a different seat on a Delta flight from New York City to Florida on Saturday, July 15, Coulter took to Twitter to express her anger over the matter. Having paid an extra $30 in advance for a seat with extra legroom, Coulter published a series of angry Tweets, calling the airline “fascists,” insulting the crew members and the flight’s passengers and going on to publicly argue with the company. Related: United Airlines Passenger Dragged Off Plane by Airport EmployeesIn response, Delta promised to refund Coulter $30, issuing a statement apologizing for the mix-up, while also saying: “We are disappointed that the customer has chosen to publicly attack our employees and other customers by posting derogatory and slanderous comments and photos in social media. Her actions are unnecessary and unacceptable.” During her Twitter tirade, Coulter also snapped and tweeted a photograph of the person sitting in her previously booked seat. In another tweet, she even insulted the woman, calling her “dachshund-legged.”Hey @Delta, if it was so important for the dachshund-legged woman to take my seat, she should have BOOKED THE SEAT IN ADVANCE. Like I did.— Ann Coulter (@AnnCoulter) July 16, 2017Taking photos and videos onboard an aircraft has been a grey area for some time now. And it turns out that might be because there’s no official policy set by the Federal Aviation Administration about photography onboard an aircraft. Instead, it’s up to the airlines.However, without the help of smartphones and social media, events such as David Dao being forcibly dragged off the United flight in April may have gone unnoticed. Yet, it turns out, the people who took the videos of the incident could have also been removed from the flight for violating United’s policy, which reads: “The use of small cameras or mobile devices for photography and video is permitted on board, provided you keep the purpose of your photography and video to capturing personal events. Photographing or recording other customers or airline personnel without their express consent is prohibited.”United is not the only airline to have such a policy, however it is one of the few to publish one online. American Airlines, JetBlue and Delta also reportedly have similar policies in place, however these airlines have internal policies that give airline employees the rights to prohibit people from taking photos as a means to “protect” the privacy of airline employees.Related: 10 Ways to Travel the World Without Breaking the BankIn a May 26 email from American Airlines CEO Doug Parker shared today by a company spokesperson with Entrepreneur, Parker wrote: “When videotaping infringes on the safety or security of a flight, we have the right to request that filming stop… American has a policy asking customers not to film onboard or at airports, but there is no federal law or regulation that prevents it. Nor will law enforcement require customers to delete photos or videos they’ve taken.”It turns out, it’s not only on aircrafts where photography is often prohibited. In 2016, former Mashable writer David Yi took a video of an American Airlines gate agent speaking to passengers of a delayed American flight. Upon seeing Yi filming, the gate agent said: “Sir, if you’re recording, that’s against the law. We can take you to jail for that.” Shortly after the incident, local police escorted Yi out of the Charlotte airport.Dear @AmericanAir I just witnessed this man berate and attempt to intimidate 30 people stranded in Charlotte pic.twitter.com/z2QyYsZyCj— David Yi (@seoulcialite) August 4, 2016While photography is acceptable in airports because they are considered “public” areas, the case is different when it comes to aircrafts. “Individuals are free to take photos/videos in the checkpoints. Checkpoints are public areas,” TSA representative Lisa Farbstein shared. However, once you’re on an aircraft — beware.“You can’t prohibit photography in public,” Daniel Greenberg, an attorney who specializes in photography rights issues, told the Huffington Post. “But the prohibition of photography on private property is legitimate. That decision is up to the property owner. If you don’t want to follow the carrier’s rules, don’t get on the carrier’s plane.” Next Article Apply Now » The conservative commentator’s recent run-in with Delta Airlines raises the question: Do passengers have the right to take photos on aircraft? 4 min read July 17, 2017 The only list that measures privately-held company performance across multiple dimensions—not just revenue. Rose Leadem 2019 Entrepreneur 360 List
The only list that measures privately-held company performance across multiple dimensions—not just revenue. 5 min read 2019 Entrepreneur 360 List May 24, 2016 –shares Reuters More Challenges Than Cheer for Apple Chief on Asia Tour Add to Queue Image credit: Reuters | File Photo With slowing iPhone sales in China, Apple Inc is having to take India more seriously, but investors hoping for a stock price fillip from CEO Tim Cook’s week-long Asia trip instead were given a taste of the daunting challenges that lie ahead.The second leg of Cook’s trip, to India, the world’s third-largest smartphone market, comes at a crucial time as Apple battles slowing growth in China, its second-biggest market. But the challenges suggest it will be years before India is anything close to a major earnings pillar for the U.S. tech giant.”With China saturating, everybody has no choice but to look at India, and Apple’s rivals have been strengthening there in the last two years. Apple is playing catch-up,” said Ville-Petteri Ukonaho, a senior analyst at Strategy Analytics.While the numbers in India suggest huge potential — fewer than two in every 10 of the country’s 1.3 billion people have a smartphone — the world’s fastest growing major market operates differently to other markets where Apple has enjoyed stellar growth and high margins.Apple’s traditional model is to sell its phones at full price to local telecoms carriers, which then discount them to users in exchange for charging them for data as part of a multi-month contract. Not so in India.”In India, carriers in general sell virtually no phones and it is out in retail — and retail is many, many different small shops,” Cook told analysts recently. “Because smartphones there are low-end, primarily because of the network and the economics, the market potential has not been as great,” added Cook, likening India to the Chinese market 7-10 years ago.In meetings with India’s two largest carriers, Bharti Airtel and Vodafone, Cook discussed ways to work more closely to sell iPhones, including whether a contract pricing model could work in India. He said Apple sees opportunities to expand in the market as operators roll out 4G services.”The trip was more about understanding the Indian market, but was also about signaling to the world that Apple has arrived in India,” said Vishal Tripathi, research director at Gartner.Price sensitiveAnother challenge for Apple is how to be a premium-end player in a low-income market.”In India, incomes are so low that not many customers appreciate the full value of the Apple ecosystem, and it will take a lot more effort for Apple to sell the Macs and iPads in Indian stores compared to China,” said Strategy Analytics’ Ukonaho.India is a more price sensitive market than China, and Apple’s relatively expensive iPhones are out of reach to most Indians, who on average live on less than $3.10 a day according to World Bank data.With per capita income of $1,570 as of 2014 and the average smartphone selling for less than $90, a third of the global average, India’s market growth is predominantly led by cheaper phones. High-end smartphones — costing from $300 — make up only 6 percent of the market, or just 6 million units, according to Morgan Stanley.Rebuffed by India’s government in its plan to import and sell used, refurbished iPhones, Apple has seen only slow growth in a market dominated by Samsung Electronics and Chinese brands.That issue was not resolved in talks with Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi — which a Modi aide called “extremely successful” — and government officials have pressed Apple to set up manufacturing facilities in India, said officials involved in discussions, a move that would create jobs and boost Modi’s “Make in India” initiative.”Now it’s for Apple to talk about their plans,” the Modi aide said.Apple declined to comment on what Cook achieved on his Asia trip.More marketingApple’s brand awareness ranks 10th in India, trailing Samsung, Sony, Blackberry and some local rivals. Almost half of respondents in a Morgan Stanley survey said they do not know Apple.While Apple is likely to double its share in the $400-plus segment to 40 percent, it “has to significantly increase its store presence, ramp up marketing, and add local content,” the brokerage said in a recent note.A first Apple retail store in India is unlikely to open its doors until next year at the earliest.In internal meetings, Cook stressed how Apple wants to increase its retail operations in India and work with re-sellers to make its products available more widely. “We’ve been hiring for India retail and distribution for the last few months, and Tim’s message was that we need to double down on that,” said an Apple official in India.In China, where iPhone sales slumped in January-March and some online entertainment services were suspended, Cook also had little to cheer investors.At meetings with Chinese officials, Cook emphasized Apple’s contributions to China’s economy — creating jobs, generating revenue and paying taxes — said people familiar with the matter. His visit came just days after Apple announced a $1 billion investment in a local ride-hailing app firm, a move Cook says will help Apple better understand China.But when he asked about the shutdown of online services and emphasized that Apple had followed procedures in establishing those services, he was told only that China would look into it, the people said.(Reporting by Himank Sharma in MUMBAI and Matthew Miller in BEIJING; Additional reporting by Rupam Nair in NEW DELHI; Writing by Miyoung Kim; Editing by Ian Geoghegan) This story originally appeared on Reuters Apple Next Article Apple CEO Tim Cook Apply Now »
Reporter at PCMag Register Now » 2 min read Learn how to successfully navigate family business dynamics and build businesses that excel. Robot Babies Do Not Curb Teen Pregnancy High school sex-ed programs have come a long way since flour babies and fragile egg infants.Students across the world are being tasked with looking after a bundle of robotic joy to educate kids about the pressures of parenting. But the effort to prevent teenage pregnancy has possibly backfired — at least in Australia, where 57 institutions took part in a study conducted by the Telethon Kids Institute at The University of Western Australia.The six-day Virtual Infant Parenting (VIP) program included educational sessions, a documentary about teen moms and an infant simulator. For two days, one group of girls cared for a lifelike doll that cried when it needed to be fed, burped, rocked or changed; another control group did not. An internal monitoring system documented mishandling, crying time, the number of changes and general care.The girls were 13 to 15 at the time; program organizers then checked in with them periodically until age 20 to see if they had become pregnant. According to their findings, those enrolled in the VIP program experienced higher rates of pregnancy and termination: 8 percent (97 of 1,267) had at least one birth, compared to 4 percent (67 of 1,567) in the control group. Similarly, 9 percent (113/1,267) underwent an abortion, vs. 6 percent (101/1,567).”Our study shows that the pregnancy prevention program… does not reduce the risk of pregnancy in teenage girls,” lead author Sally Brinkman of the Telethon Kids Institute, said in a statement. “In fact, the risk of pregnancy is actually increased.”It remains unclear exactly why the program failed, though the girls only had to care for their robot babies for two days, presumably not enough time for them to have to cope with missing out on normal teen activities or deal with the financial pressure of being a teen mom. As London-based youth counselor Janette Collins told the Financial Times in October, these programs can give girls the confidence to cope with motherhood.There’s also the fact that fathers are left out of the experiment.According to the Centers for Disease Control, the U.S. teen birth rate for those ages 15 to 19 dropped 19 percent between 2013 and 2014 to 249,078. Overall, it has dropped 61 percent since 1991, but it is still higher than many other developed countries, including Canada and the United Kingdom. Stephanie Mlot Free Webinar | July 31: Secrets to Running a Successful Family Business August 29, 2016 Robots Image credit: VIP via PC Mag Add to Queue –shares Next Article This story originally appeared on PCMag
Apple paid nearly 500 million euros ($570 million) to resolve the case in a confidential settlement reached in December, a source familiar with the case told AFP, confirming a report in French news weekly L’Express.”The French tax administration recently concluded a multiyear audit on the company’s French accounts and an adjustment will be published in our public accounts,” Apple said in a statement. “We know the important role taxes play in society and we pay our taxes in all the countries where we operate, in complete conformity with laws and practices in force at the local level,” the company said.French authorities declined to comment further, citing the confidentiality of tax matters.French tech tax loomsApple is one of several American technology giants in the line of fire in Europe over their tax strategies, which see them route their income through low-tax nations such as Ireland or Luxembourg.In 2016, it was ordered by the European Commission to pay 13 billion euros in back taxes to Ireland.The European Commission said Apple paid an effective corporate tax rate of just 0.005 percent on its European profits in 2014—equivalent to just 50 euros for every million.The deal in France comes as the government prepares to push ahead with its own unilateral “GAFA tax”—an acronym of Google, Apple, Facebook and Amazon—faced with the failure of EU members to agree on how to get technology companies to pay more tax on their European operations.The levy, to be put to parliament in a bill this month, would affect companies with global sales of more than 750 million euros and 25 million euros in France.It would be retroactive to January 1 and is expected to raise 500 million euros this year.French Finance Minister Bruno Le Maire has called the question of how and where global companies pay their taxes “a major issue in the 21st century”.But an agreement among EU members has proved elusive.Ireland, Denmark and Sweden have all blocked plans for a levy for fear of dissuading investment, and Germany has proved lukewarm on the issue, fearing US retaliation against its car industry.The issue has been referred to the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, which aims to come up with an international agreement by 2020.Scramble to settleAccording to L’Express, the deal between France and Apple was clinched after several months of talks, and concerned the small amount of revenue the firm booked in France even as the sales it reported in Europe ballooned.The report said Apple’s European revenues exploded seven-fold, from 6.6 billion euros in 2008 to 47.7 billion in 2017, most of which was booked in Ireland where Apple has its European headquarters.At 12.5 percent, Ireland’s corporate tax rate is much lower than in France, where companies pay 33 percent tax on their profits.Apple insisted Tuesday that it was contributing to the French economy, saying it had invested 800 million euros on outsourcing in the country in 2018.It is the second US tech heavyweight to reach a settlement with French tax authorities in the past year.In February 2018, Amazon said it had settled a French claim for nearly 200 million euros and would start declaring all its earnings in the country, ending a dispute that had dragged on for years.In 2017, however, France’s tax collection drive suffered a setback with a local court ruling that Google was not liable to pay 1.1 billion euros in taxes claimed on revenues transferred from France to Ireland.Anti-globalisation groups have criticised the government’s push to settle cases out of court.”If you steal to eat you go to prison. When the GAFAM (GAFA plus Microsoft) steal billions the state does an out-of-court deal,” the anti-capitalist group Attac France tweeted on Tuesday. Apple said Tuesday that it had reached an agreement with French authorities to settle 10 years of back taxes, becoming the latest US company to make a deal with France, which has led a European push for higher taxes on tech giants. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. © 2019 AFP Citation: Apple reaches 500-mln-euro tax settlement with France (2019, February 5) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-02-apple-agreement-french-taxes.html France seeks 600 mn in taxes from Microsoft: report Explore further Apple confirmed it has reached a settlement with French authorities on back taxes
Rock cairns are human-made stacks, mounds or piles of rocks. They take different forms, and have been built by cultures around the world for many different purposes. Cairns may serve as monuments, burial sites, navigational aids (by land or sea), or ceremonial grounds, among other uses. They may stand alone, in clusters, or in a network of related cairns; for example, as trail markers in a park. Larger cairns can withstand time and weather, and archaeologists believe that some examples are hundreds of years old. Rock cairns are considered cultural features, or parts of a landscape built by humans. They’re similar to works built with larger stones, such as megaliths, earthen mounds or stone geoglyphs, which are stones arranged to outline an image when seen from above. Cairns aren’t just structures — their locations may be carefully chosen, and the construction process or ceremonial use may be culturally important. Because of this, rock cairns can be “very difficult to understand without looking at a landscape scale,” said María Nieves Zedeño, an archaeologist at the University of Arizona. [Spectacular Images Reveal Mysterious Stone Structures in Saudi Arabia]Advertisement Mysterious ‘Super-Henge’ Found Near StonehengeHigh resolution ground-penetrating radar and other archeological technologies has revealed up to 9 large intentionally placed stones outlining a crescent-shaped arena less than 2 miles away from the well-known Stonehenge in the UK Durrington Walls area. The site was home to a large Neolithic prehistoric settlement built about 4,500 yearsago.Volume 0%Press shift question mark to access a list of keyboard shortcutsKeyboard Shortcutsplay/pauseincrease volumedecrease volumeseek forwardsseek backwardstoggle captionstoggle fullscreenmute/unmuteseek to %SPACE↑↓→←cfm0-9接下来播放Better Bug Sprays?01:33 facebook twitter 发邮件 reddit 链接https://www.livescience.com/65687-rock-cairns.html?jwsource=cl已复制直播00:0001:2001:20Your Recommended Playlist01:33Better Bug Sprays?01:08Why Do French Fries Taste So Bad When They’re Cold?04:24Sperm Whale Befriends Underwater Robot00:29Robot Jumps Like a Grasshopper, Rolls Like a Ball00:29Video – Giggly Robot02:31Surgical Robotics关闭 Learn more about Zedeño’s work on buffalo jumps at Archaeology.org Certain forms of rock cairns are still used today, for example, as trail markers. Credit: Shutterstock Read a statement about rock cairns from the National Park Service. Trail markers and art projects While many cairn traditions are very old, one type of cairn-building feels distinctly modern. There’s a controversial trend of artistically stacking stones in the wilderness, expressly to post pictures to social media. Conservationists criticize these amateur stacks, saying they can be confused for trail markers, and lead hikers astray. They also note that these amateur piles can disturb wildlife when they’re built or fall apart and that they leave a human mark in places that should be left in a more natural state. Most of these artistic stone stacks are not easily confused with older cairns, which, over hundreds of years, have had soil and vegetation build up around the rocks. Historical cairns may be so old that they’ve sunken into the ground, have been covered in lichen, or are otherwise obscured from view. The scale is also typically different. Older cairns may be made of stones too large for a single person to easily move, or they may consist of thousands of individual rocks. For example, at a Mohican stone memorial pile at Monument Mountain, in western Massachusetts, it was customary for visitors to add a stone. The votive cairn was 18 feet long and 6 feet high when it was first described in detail by a colonist in 1762, said Lucianne Lavin, the director of research and collections at the Institute for American Indian Studies in Washington, Connecticut. View cairns in a location database from Historic Environment Scotland. What were rock cairns for? The word cairn comes from Scottish Gaelic. In Scotland, burial cairns are well-known, but there are many possible uses for cairns, which vary from culture to culture. In the West, native peoples have sometimes constructed burial cairns, Zedeño said, but there’s no clear evidence for astrology-based cairn positions. Instead, at memorial sites that are sometimes confusingly called medicine wheels, a central cairn might be surrounded by other cairns that point toward important places in a person’s life. In Montana, Zedeño has studied a series of cairns built around 500 years ago by the ancestors of modern-day Blackfeet Indians to funnel herds of buffalo to their death at cliff sites called buffalo jumps. The cairn construction displays a great deal of organization and understanding of buffalo behavior. “A site could have anywhere from 500 to 5,000 cairns,” Zedeño said. “It’s very large-scale landscape engineering.” In the northeastern United States, grave sites are just one possible context for cairns, Lavin said. They take other forms, including animal effigies and split stones filled with smaller rocks that are considered portals to the underworld. There are also stone ceremonial grounds that were built in spiritually significant places, with astrological stones that marked the position of celestial bodies in the sky at the start and end of dayslong festivals. But the origin or purpose of Native American cairns or other stone features is often disputed in the region. “There are some archaeologists who think that everything is farm clearing,” Lavin said. In other words, the stones are just piles of rocks that have been pulled from an agricultural field. “There are other archaeologists, including myself, who realize that there are a diversity of features out there.” She points to records from settlers, like the accounts of Monument Mountain, as evidence that Native Americans were building stone structures in Colonial America. The question isn’t just academic. Cairns are sometimes destroyed by construction, and recognition of these sites by the government is critical to preserving their ongoing cultural value to Native Americans, Lavin said. Additional resources: Correction: This article was updated on June 17, 2019 to state that the ancient cairns in northeastern United States may have served various cultural purposes and grave sites are just one possibility.